Federal law prohibits sexual discrimination under Title IX at schools receiving federal funding and governs their handling of sexual assault and harassment. The U.S. Department of Education is revising its rules to give additional rights to the accused, such as the ability to cross-examine witnesses in college campus disciplinary hearings.
Colleges cannot expel or discipline students without providing them a forum to hear the charges and defend themselves. Civil libertarians, however, are claiming that college campus disciplinary hearings and other processes, such as federal administrative hearings, lack due process and do not protect a student's constitutional rights, according to critics.
College students do not lose their constitutional and legal rights when they enter their freshman year and step forth on campus. However, a students' rights group gave a failing grade to colleges for the protections it affords students in college campus disciplinary hearings in a report it issued last year.